1.Although—means "in spite of the fact that":
2.After—indicates "subsequently to the time when":
3.Before—indicates "earlier than the time that":
4.Because—means "for the reason that":
5.How—means "the way in which":
6.If—means "in the event that":
7.Once—indicates "at the moment when":
8.Since—means "from the time when":
9.So that—means "in order to":
10.Until—means "up to the time that":
11.Unless—means "except, on the condition":
12.When—means "at that time":
13.While—means "during the time":
14.Where—indicates "in the place":
15.Whether—means "if it is true or not":
Mari: I'm Mari from Japan and I'm here with Ron from Hawaii. Today we are going to be talking about abilities so let's start with food. Can you cook?
Ron: I can't cook well, but I do cook, so I think the reason why I can't cook well is because I can eat anything, so I don't try very hard to make it take good.
Mari: What do you like to cook?
Ron: I like to barbecue outside on the grill.
Mari: What do you put on your barbecue?
Ron: When I cook meat, I don't put much, only salt, pepper, and a little bit of seasoning.
Mari: OK. Good. Next, do you think you're a good dancer?
Ron: No, I don't think I'm a good dancer and I don't really try to be a good dancer.
Mari: Do you not like to dance?
Ron: No, I don't like to dance.
Mari: At all?
Mari: I heard that you're a good line dancer.
Ron: I would like to learn how to line dance, and I do like country music but I haven't been officially taught how to line dance.
Mari: So you don't dance at all?
Mari: Next, are you a good singer?
Ron: No, I'm not a good singer but I do enjoy going to Karaoke.
Mari: What do you like to sing?
Ron: In Hawaii, when I go to Karaoke I enjoy singing Hawaiian music. If I'm in Japan I like to sing other English songs that they have, usually country music or 80's or 90's music.
Mari: Good. That's good. Do you think you're a good student?
Ron: I don't know if I'm a good student. Growing up I was not a good student but now I am trying harder to be a good student.
Mari: How were you not a good student growing up?
Ron: I didn't enjoy going to school and I didn't try very hard in school. Now I try a little harder. I make an effort.
Mari: Can you talk more about your effort? What do you do to try to be a good student?
Ron: I try to listen to the teachers now instead of doing my own thing, and I try to complete everything with good quality.
Mari: That's good. And, last do you think that you're a good athlete?
Ron: Growing up I was a good athlete. I played a few sports. Now I don't play any sports anymore because I'm old, but growing up I think I was a good athlete.
Mari: What sports did you play?
Ron: I played American football, baseball, and soccer.
Mari: Which one is your best sport?
Ron: I would say football. American football is my best sport.
Mari: How long did you play?
Ron: I played since I was eleven until age twenty-two.
Mari: So for eleven years. And you played when you were in university?
Ron: I played at the University of Hawaii.
I like to barbecue outside on the grill.
When we grill something that means we cook it on metal bars over an open fire. Note the following:
- Let's cook on the grill tonight.
- We cooked burgers at the beach on a small grill.
So you don't dance at all?
Something we don't do at all is something we never do. Note the following:
- I don't speak German at all -- not even one word.
- You never eat vegetables at all? That is sad.
I heard that you're a good line-dancer.
In a line dance, people line up without partners and follow a pattern of steps usually to American country music. Note the following:
- That bar has line-dancing on Tuesday night.
- My sister is a good line-dancer.
I haven't been officially taught how to line-dance.
Something that is taught officially requires formal instruction and often results in certification. Note the following:
- I never learned how to officially fly a plane, but I know how.
- To scuba dive, you really need to officially take some courses.
do my own thing
I try to listen to the teachers now instead of doing my own thing.
When we do our own thing that means we do things our own way. Note the following:
- Some students hate to follow instructions. They always want to do their own thing.
- I used to always do my own thing. Then, I joined the Army and that changed real quickly.