Progressive and Perfect Tense
Progressive Tense :-
The progressive tense involves action that is, was, or will be in progress at a certain time. In the progressive tense, verbs are formed with a "be" verb + ing.
The present perfect tense describes an action that started in the past and continues to the present time. Use has/have + the past participle form of the verb.
Ron: Hi, I'm Ron from Hawaii. I'm here with Mari from Japan. Today we're gonna be talking about food. So Mari, what's your favorite cuisine?
Mari: I think I like American food.
Ron: What type of American food?
Mari: I like hamburgers.
Ron: Hamburgers. Is that your favorite dish as well?
Mari: That is my favorite dish. My favorite hamburger place is right near where I went to university and they have this hamburger called the Danish Burger, and the Danish Burger has blue cheese inside the hamburger, so I love ... my favorite dish has to be the Danish Burger.
Ron: Do you like any side things like french fries with your hamburger?
Mari: I love french fries but I know that eating hamburger and french fries is a little bit unhealthy so I always replace the french fries for a salad.
Ron: A salad. OK. What about dessert? What's your favorite dessert?
Mari: My favorite dessert has to be chocolate cake.
Ron: Chocolate cake. Anything else? Do you like to eat it with anything?
Mari: No, I like chocolate cake by itself. Anything else? I like brownie sundaes, like brownies and choc ... brownies with vanilla ice-cream. I guess my favorite dessert is anything chocolaty.
Ron: Sounds good. So before you said you like to eat a salad. What type of salad, what type of vegetables do you like?
Mari: I like all vegetables. I like them cooked or raw but I don't like raw onions.
Ron: Not raw onions.
Mari: I really can't eat onions raw. That's probably the only vegetable I can't eat raw.
Ron: That's interesting. Thanks Mari.
What's your favorite cuisine?
'Cuisine' talks about a style of cooking or kinds of food from different countries. Note the following:
- Thai cuisine is too spicy for me.
- I prefer Italian to French cuisine.
Do you like any side things like french fries with your hamburger?
A side thing or side dish is a small amount of food serverd with the main course. Note the following:
- I never order side things like fries, just burgers.
- The set includes side things like soup and salad.
I always replace the french fries for a salad.
At a restaurant we can sometimes change one dish for another. Note the following:
- Can I replace the soup with a salad?
- It's time to replace the battery in my watch.
has to be
My favorite dessert has to be chocolate cake.
'Has to be' is simlar in meaning to 'must be'. Note the following:
- The greatest golfer ever has to be Tiger Woods.
- Whoa! It has to be the hottest day of the year.
I really can't eat onions raw.
'Raw' means not cooked. Note the following:
- Sushi is basically raw fish.
- Raw vegetables are healthier than cooked vegetables.