Lesson Second


A pronoun takes the place of a noun. 

Example story:

Mary is one of the heads of the ToJi Corporation. Mary works with Mr. James and Mr. James' son Tom. Mr. James and Mr. James' son Tom are experts in biochemistry. Mary, Mr. James, and Tom researched and invented a drug for cancer treatment. 

If the story above is written using pronouns:

Mary is one of the heads of the ToJi Corporation. She works with Mr. James and his son Tom. He and his son Tom are experts in biochemistry. They researched and invented a drug for cancer treatment. 

Personal Pronouns

Personal pronouns refer to a person:

  • I go to school.
  • You are a student.
  • They are Koreans.
  • He works here.
  • We gave her food.

The word ‘it' refers to an object:

  • I drank it.
  • It is big.
  • They cut it into halves.

Todd: OK, Nanju, I'm going to ask you about your favorites. What is your favorite color?

Nanju: My favorite color, black.

Todd: Black! Really, OK, and what is your favorite fruit?

Nanju: Fruit? OK, it's mango.

Todd: Oh, mango.

Nanju: Yeah.

Todd: OK. Can you get mangoes in Japan?

Nanju: No, I haven't seen a proper mango here, because everything's very small, that is not a very good mango, I know because in India I will get a lot of mangoes, very good taste, and variety of mangoes, I haven't tried, I haven't found anywhere in Japan.

Todd: Really.

Nanju: Yeah, sure.

Todd: Oh, wow. So how do you eat mango, just do you eat it raw, or do you?

Nanju: Yeah, I'll eat it raw. The raw mango is very good.

Todd: Oh, cool. Nice. So do you have like mango juice? Is that popular?

Nanju: Yeah. But mango juice, it's not that much good. I eat only raw mango. It will be very good, very good, very good.