Lesson first

Singular and Plural Nouns

A noun names a person, place, thing, or idea.

Usually, the first page of a grammar book tells you about nounsNounsgive names of concrete or abstract things in our lives. As babies learn "mom," "dad," or "milk" as their first wordnouns should be the first topicwhen you study a foreign language

For the plural form of most nouns, add s.

  • bottle – bottles
  • cup – cups
  • pencil – pencils
  • desk – desks
  • sticker – stickers
  • window – windows

For nouns that end in ch, x, s, or s sounds, add es.

  • box – boxes
  • watch – watches
  • moss – mosses
  • bus – buses

For nouns ending in f or fe, change f to v and add es.

  • wolf – wolves
  • wife – wives
  • leaf – leaves
  • life – lives

Some nouns have different plural forms.

  • child – children
  • woman – women
  • man – men
  • mouse – mice
  • goose – geese

Nouns ending in vowels like y or o do not have definite rules.

  • baby – babies
  • toy – toys
  • kidney – kidneys
  • potato – potatoes
  • memo – memos
  • stereo – stereos

A few nouns have the same singular and plural forms.

  • sheep – sheep
  • deer – deer
  • series – series
  • species – species

Todd: OK, Hello!

Nanju: Hello!

Todd: Hi, what's your name?

Nanju: Yeah, my name is Nanju.

Todd: Nanju. Nanju, how do you spell you name?

Nanju: Yeah, my name is like N-A-N-J-U.

Todd: Oh, OK. That's a nice name. Nanju. And where are you from?

Nanju: I'm from Madras.

Todd: Madras!

Nanju: It's in India.

Todd: Madras. What part of India?

Nanju: It's in the South India.

Todd: South India.

Nanju: South India.

Todd: And how long have you been in Japan?

Nanju: The past four months I am here and working in somewhere, working.

Todd: OK, and what do you do in Japan?

Nanju: It's normal, a software engineer.

Todd: Software engineer. Oh, you can help me with my computer.

Nanju: No, nothing. Just I know how to program and that's it.

Todd: Were you always good at computers when you were young?

Nanju: Yeah, I might be, from the 12th standard. like 18th years. From 18 years I am working with the computer.