String and List Processing
String and List Processing: These are used for string manipulation including search for patterns, inserting and deleting characters. Examples are:
LISP (List Processing).
Prolog (Program in Logic).
Object Oriented Programming Language
In OOP, the computer program is divided into objects. Examples are:
e) Visual programming language: these are designed for building Windows-based applications Examples are:
A central processing unit (CPU) (formerly also referred to as a central processor unit) is the hardware within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetical, logical, and input/output operations of the system.
Two typical components of a CPU are
Arithmetic logic unit (ALU) - Which performs arithmetic and logical operations
Control unit (CU) - Which extracts instructions from memory and decodes and executes them, calling on the ALU when necessary.